Tri-County Small Animal Hospital

Tri-County Small Animal Hospital in Oliver Springs, TN is here to serve all your pet needs.

Canine Influenza: There’s a vax for that — June 19, 2017

Canine Influenza: There’s a vax for that

Here we go again: another outbreak of the canine influenza virus, this time in the southern United States, with four confirmed cases in Knoxville, Tennessee. This highly contagious virus is easily spread from infected dog to other dogs, and in 2016 a group of shelter cats in Indiana was infected by infected dogs. Poor cats! Though most dogs recover within 2 to 3 weeks, some develop secondary bacterial infections which may lead to pneumonia.


Here are some facts about canine influenza virus from the American Veterinary Medical Association:

  • The virus is contagious and easily spread from infected dogs to other dogs by direct contact, nasal secretions (though barking, coughing or sneezing), contaminated objects (kennel surfaces, food and water bowls, collars and leashes), and by people moving between infected and uninfected dogs.
  • Dogs of any breed, age, sex or health status are at risk of infection when exposed to the virus.
  • Currently, two strains of canine influenza have been identified in the US: H3N8 and H3N2.
  • Cats infected with H3N2 show symptoms of upper respiratory illness, including a runny nose, congestion, malaise, lip smacking and excessive salivation.
  • Dogs infected with the virus develop a persistent cough and may develop thick nasal discharge and fever (often 104-105°F). Other signs include lethargy, eye discharge and reduced appetite.
  • Laboratory tests are available to diagnose both H3N8 and H3N2. (The humans at my animal hospital will send the sample to the UT College of Veterinary Medicine.)
  • The annual vaccination is recommended for dogs at risk of exposure due to their increased exposure to other dogs- such as boarding, attending social events with other dogs present, dog parks, grooming facilities, and dog shows.

The Virology Lab at the UT College of Veterinary Medicine has updated information here about their cases of the virus.

The humans at Tri-County Small Animal Hospital offer the vaccine for both strains of the canine influenza virus. Your dog may require a booster vaccine 2 to 4 weeks after the first vaccine.

Any dog showing signs of respiratory disease should be seen by a veterinarian as soon as possible. I may think that dogs are stinky and irritating, but I know it’s no fun to be ill. I need my dog buddies feeling up-to-snuff so I can continue to bug them.

Cuddles and kitty kisses,


Bella paw print


Bob Barker would be proud. — March 31, 2017

Bob Barker would be proud.

              “Come on down to Tri-County Small Animal Hospital to get your pet spayed or neutered!”

Bell and Bob Barker

For the month of April, the humans at Tri-County Small Animal Hospital are offering 10% off spays and neuters. Bring in the coupon from their website or Facebook page, and you’ll save money. I’m “fixed” as you humans say, as are the other two cats in my animal hospital, Tweeter and the Monkeyman. Bob Barker would be proud.

Getting your fur baby spayed or neutered has health benefits, behavioral benefits, and helps prevent overpopulation and millions of unnecessary deaths each year in animal shelters. No kittens for me, and none of the nasty reproductive diseases we ladies can get as we age, such as pyometra (an infected uterus, which is life-threatening) and mammary tumors. When neutered, males are less likely to get prostate and associated urinary problems and won’t develop testicular tumors. They tend to exhibit fewer testosterone-driven negative behaviors, like urine marking, roaming and aggression. If spayed, females are less likely to fight as well, which will reduce a cat’s chance getting feline leukemia or feline immunodeficiency virus (feline AIDS) from another cat. By preventing your pet from reproducing, you’re playing a major role in controlling the ever-growing unwanted pet population. Over 3 million fur babies are euthanized in shelters yearly due to lack of homes; this could be prevented by spaying and neutering cats and those stinky dogs!

For your viewing pleasure, and a little humor, I’ve posted a link to an entertaining video, All About That Spay, promoting the spaying and neutering of pets. Get ready to laugh, and then call us to schedule your pet’s surgery at (865) 435-1374. The humans here are happy to answer any questions or concerns you have about your pet’s spay/neuter.

Hearts, Bella Bella paw print                                       

The Best of 2016 — December 27, 2016

The Best of 2016


Happy holidays humans! It’s the end of 2016 and I’ve been studiously working on my “Best of 2016” list. Here it is thus far: TV show (Paw Patrol), song (Pads, Paws and Claws), movie (The Secret Life of Pets), and veterinary client handouts (see below for links to my three favorite). You know you’ve been waiting with (fish) baited breath for my top veterinary client handout list! I’ve posted links for your reading pleasure, compiled from dvm360 and written by veterinarians or veterinary technicians. The first handout, “Google This”, includes six tips for safer web surfing while looking for animal medical information. The second handout , “How to create low-stress veterinary visits for cats”, discusses four ways to make trips to the vet clinic less stressful for us sensitive kitties. Being the generous and amazing fur princess that I am, I’ve included one handout, “Why punishment fails; what works better”, for those misbehaving dogs in your life, since they need all the help they can get. May you have a safe and prosperous New Year, filled with fur, treats, and all that jazz. Hearts, Bella



Diabetes Awareness Month & How Dogs Can be Helpful — November 5, 2016

Diabetes Awareness Month & How Dogs Can be Helpful

Hello dedicated readers! Fall has arrived, and with it, kitty sweaters, crunchy leave to chase, and more time to relax. November is Diabetes Awareness Month and it’s important to me that you know the signs of this disease so you can get your fur baby screened and treated if necessary. If your kitty or pup has any of the following:

  • increased thirst,
  • increased urination,
  • increased hunger while losing weight,
  • decreased activity (less active/sleeps more),
  • cloudy eyes (dogs),
  • doesn’t grooms (cats), or
  • thinning, dry, or dull hair,

you should talk with your veterinarian about getting your pet screened for diabetes. With proper management and monitoring, a dog or cat with diabetes can lead a healthy, happy, and active life ( Diabetes screening at Tri-County Small Animal Hospital (which I let my humans operate) involves a general health exam, sampling your pet’s urine for the presence for glucose or ketones, and testing your pet’s blood to determine blood glucose levels. Diabetes is diagnosed when persistently high glucose levels are found in both the blood and urine. Treatment typically involves daily insulin injections and some manageable lifestyle changes.

Pet diabetes can lead to other health problems, such as formation of cataracts (dogs) and weakness of the hind legs due to nerve damage (cats), both resulting from persistently high blood glucose levels. Controlling high blood glucose levels can lead to healthier outcomes, so it’s important to get an early diagnosis.

Diabetes service dogs can alert humans with diabetes when a hypoglycemic episode beings. (As amazing as these canines are, this is the first and only time I’ll post a picture of dogs on my kitty blog.)

On another note, did you know that diabetes service dogs can alert a human with diabetes when a hypoglycemic episode begins? They are trained to recognize the changes in their human’s blood chemistry and alert them. Dogs may be smelly, but they can be amazingly helpful, too.

I’ll be posting more information throughout the month about diabetes on our Facebook page, so stay tuned.

IMG_3712 (1)





Hearts and licks, Bella the (beautiful, vivacious, fluffy, and sassy) Cat


Dogs + Chocolate = Very Bad Results! — September 13, 2016

Dogs + Chocolate = Very Bad Results!

20160912_165603Hello my beautiful readers, it’s Bella the cat here. I realize you’ve been longing to read my next blog entry, but alas, I’ve been entirely too busy to write. Keeping an eye on the clinic and grooming my white, silky fur takes up a majority of my time. Today my grooming was interrupted by the yapping of a pesky dog, Angel* (name changed to protect her identity), who came in having eaten an entire package of peanut butter and chocolate no-bake cookies. Hello, dog, chocolate is toxic to you! Duh! What were you thinking?! Chocolate toxicosis usually only happens to dogs because cats are too smart to eat chocolate. I was annoyed at first by Angel’s incessant barking, but pretty soon felt sorry for her. I checked on her between my grooming regime and saw that the doctor had to make her vomit, which she (both the dog and the doctor) hated, and then she had to get IV fluids. Angel was monitored for cardiac issues for the subsequent 12 hours.  Luckily, the owner brought her into the office very soon after she’d ingested the chocolate, so the dog was treated quickly and fully recovered.

Not every dog is as lucky as Angel. The active ingredients that cause the problems are caffeine and theobromine, and an overdose can cause pancreatitis and/ or death. Symptoms of chocolate toxicosis include drinking lots of water, bloating, vomiting, diarrhea, and restlessness, and can progress to agitation, nervousness, increased heart rate and respiratory rate, high blood pressure and temperature, cardiac arrhythmias, tremors, difficulty keeping balance and seizures. Treatment includes making the dog vomit with or without a stomach tube and lavage (stomach pumped out), activated charcoal to stop absorption, fluids, hospitalization, and medications to control seizures, heart problems, and fever. So, basically, you can see dogs shouldn’t be exposed to chocolate—ever! The darker the chocolate, the more dangerous it is (though Dr. Osborne thinks the darker the chocolate, the more delicious it is). While stinky dogs aren’t my favorite animal, I certainly don’t want any of my fur friends to get sick or die. As the season of chocolate arrives (aka Halloween or Howl-o-ween as canines refer to it), remember to keep all chocolate-related items inaccessible to pets. I’m glad Angel fully recovered, and I look forward to teasing her about it next time she visits.  Hearts and licks, Bella the Cat

Keep The Worms Out Of Your Pet’s Heart! — May 3, 2016

Keep The Worms Out Of Your Pet’s Heart!

IMG_3712 (1)Meow! Bella the cat here! How is everyone doing? I think the warm weather is here to stay, which means the bugs are too. If there is any pest we can all agree to hate, it would be mosquitoes. Did you know mosquitoes not only transmit disease to people, but they can also transmit them between animals? We pets have to worry about heartworms. Never heard of them? I’ll get you up to speed.

Heartworm disease develops when a dog or cat is bitten by a mosquito carrying microscopic heartworm larvae of a parasite called Dirofilaria immitis. As the mosquito feeds, these larvae are deposited on the pet and quickly penetrate the skin to begin their migration into the blood stream. Adult heartworms can grow 10 to 12 inches in length and make their home in the right side of the heart and the pulmonary arteries. Continue reading

Prevent a litter, fix your critter! — April 6, 2016

Prevent a litter, fix your critter!


bella's blog.png

Greetings from your friendly neighborhood clinic cat! Spring is here and love and romance are in the air. 😉 It’s the perfect time to talk about spaying and neutering. There are a lot of myths and rumors that abound about these procedures, so I hope to be able to clear up some of the common misconceptions. This way you can make an informed decision when it comes to the health and care of your pet.

Ladies first! We recommend spaying for all female pets. Besides helping control animal overpopulation, some of the advantages include:

  • Prevention of heat or estrus
  • When in “heat”, the female experiences an urge to escape and find a mate. This is eliminated
  • Prevention  of uterine infection (pyometra)
  • The prevention of breast cancer. Dogs spayed before the first “heat” have less than 0.5% chance of developing breast cancer
  • Elimination of uterine and ovarian cancer
Now on to those smelly boys. We also recommend neutering for all male pets. Like spaying, this offers many health benefits:
  • Reduces the risk of prostate cancer and prostatitis
  • Reduces the risk of hormone-related diseases such as perianal adenoma
  • Eliminates the risk of testicular cancer
  • Removal of sexual urge which results in roaming behaviors
  • Reduction of certain types of aggression

Continue reading